The EUIPO and the OECD have developed and published a report on the value of counterfeit goods in world trade.
Counterfeit and pirated products are found in a very wide category of goods, from luxury goods (haute couture, watches) to consumer goods that have an impact on the health and safety of consumers (pharmaceutical products, food and beverage, toys).
The report shows that the trade of counterfeit goods in the European Union amount to up to 5% of total imports.
The study shows that, although some countries such as Italy, UK, US, France, Switzerland, Japan and Germany are still among the most affected by counterfeiting, this phenomenon is also growing in emerging economies.
The search shows that in the period covered by the study, namely 2011-2013, the first three “provenance economies” in terms of their propensity to export counterfeit goods are Hong Kong, China and Turkey. States that appear to have a greater propensity to counterfeiting than others can be or countries that are indeed important producer of counterfeit goods or countries which are strategic points of transit of the counterfeit goods.
Among the places of transit of counterfeit goods there are some important hubs of international trade in general, such as China, Hong Kong and Singapore, while other transit routes have been identified in countries with a strong presence of criminal or terrorist organizations, such as Afghanistan and Syria. The study also highlighted that significant changes abruptly occur in the routes of counterfeiting: this demonstrates the skill of criminal networks to quickly identify new opportunities for passage.