There are two ways to protect your trademark in Russian Federation: the filing of a Russian Trademark Application or the designation of Russian Federation through the international trademark registration.
May be registered as trademarks all verbal, figurative, three-dimensional signs, as well as other marks or combination thereof in any color or combination of colors.
After filing, the Russian Trademark Office carries out a preliminary examination and then an examination of the sign, including possible conflicts with prior rights.
Based on the results of the examination, an action either to register the trademarks or to reject the registration shall be issued.
In the event of unfavorable decision, the applicant shall be entitled to lodge an appeal with the Appeals Board of the Patent Office (“the Appeals Board”). If the decision of the Appeals Board is unfavorable, it is possible to lodge an appeal with the Supreme Patent Board of the Russian Federation. The decision of the Supreme Patent Board shall be final.
Information having to do with registration of a trademark shall be published by the Patent Office in the Official Gazette. Third parties will have five years from the date of publication of registration to contest the mark. It will be possible to contest the mark for absolute grounds within the entire period of validity of the trademark.
On October 1, 2014 (with part of the provisions which will come into force on January 1 2015) came into force some amendments to the Civil Code of the Russian Federation. Such amendments stated the publication of trademark applications. After the publication any person will be able to file the opposition.
Registration of a trademark shall be valid for ten years from the filing date of the application and can be renewed indefinitely, each time for ten years.
The registered mark becomes vulnerable for cancellation due to non-use after 3 years from the registration date.
We suggest to take into consideration that only Cyrillic characters are used in daily life. A trademark in Latin characters does not protect the Cyrillic version and vice versa; therefore, it is advisable to protect your trademark in both versions.